Peace Policies: A guiding light for the world.

Peace is the state of freedom from all kinds of disturbances. In the context of the world, Peace is a time when there is no war or violence and the world has an equation with harmony and concord.

The world has seen the adversities of wars and violence, causing huge loss of life and public property. The only thing that these wars have left behind is the question for mankind – the question on mankind itself. The question of whether the world deserves this kind of suffering. The destructive tendencies have forced the world into a catastrophic situation several times.

The last World War – World War II, led mankind to re-establish peace across the world. It pushed the world for the establishment of harmony among countries and its people to help each other grow. Many countries came forward to form peace organizations like the World Peace Organization, Amnesty International, UN Peacekeepers Organization, etc.

International Organizations realized the importance of peace for a better world and laid down International Peace policies to guide the world on the path towards peace. The charter, big International Peace and Security, was put forward by the United Nations. The aim was to save the world and the coming generations from the destruction that can be caused due to wars and violence and to unite the world to prevent such situations in the future.

Peace policies play a crucial role in maintaining international peace. These policies bind countries to follow a certain code of conduct to prevent any kind of conflict, and to lead peaceful trade and other activities. Peace policies also help the world unite in the fight against terrorism following a global counter-terrorism strategy. Another important role of these policies is to make sure that nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction are limited or eliminated.

These steps so far have been beneficial in preventing some of the global wars. Fortunately, the end of the cold war came in the last decade and the world has committed to peace ever since. A world that is characterized by co-existence and cooperation for sustainable development is the result of these peace policies. Even though the world is not in any war at the time, the efforts to maintain peace should not be left behind because these content efforts will ensure peace in the future.


To guide the world in the light of peace, citizens of each country should follow the idea of – “HOMO AHIMSA” that refers to the behavior of a non-violent human.

A Day to Care the Elderness

When old folks laugh, they free the world.

They turn slowly, slyly knowing

the best and worst of remembering

Saliva glistens in the corners of their mouths,

their heads wobble on brittle necks, but

their laps are filled with memories.

These are some beautiful lines from the famous poem ‘Old Folks Laugh’ by Maya Angelou, describing old people. 

What do we think of when we hear someone mention Aged people? Grey hair, distorted face, wrinkles on head and forehead. How do the aged people feel? As an unwanted member of the family and society? The age problem certainly confronts us and the matter is taking a turn for the worse over time. But getting old is a natural process inherent to all human beings.

On 14th December, 1990, the United Nations General Assembly designated 1st October to be celebrated as the International Day of Older Persons to highlight the importance of elderly people and bring awareness of the challenges of aging in today’s world. This Day is designated as such, following the Vienna International Plan of Action on Aging, which was adopted by the 1982 World Assembly and endorsed later that year. The International Day of Older Persons was observed for the first time throughout the world on October 1, 1991. 

It was estimated for the population of the aged to almost double over the next 3 decades, taking the count to more than 1.5 billion people by 2050. Caring for the elderly aids in self-development. Old-age is a time when they need help with things they could effortlessly do by themselves before. The provision of integrated care is key for older people. 

According to the World Health Organization’s guidelines on Integrated Care for Older People (ICOPE), it is important to provide aged people with the best health care facilities to prevent or reverse declines in the physical and mental capacities of older people. According to the National Health Portal, as part of the commitment towards the elderly, the Government of India (GOI) provides various preventive, curative, and rehabilitative services for the people above 60 years, under its National Program of Health Care for the Elderly (NPHCE). The basic objective of the NPHCE program is to provide separate, specialized, and comprehensive health care to senior citizens. GOI also provides benefits like health insurance schemes, tax exemptions, and concessions in rail and airfares to the senior citizens.

The elderly are the truest form of wisdom who teaches us the value of family, relationships, and life in general. It is important to keep them happy at this age because they know their days are counted. Keeping in mind these words of Henry Ward Beecher, “There is no friendship, no love, like that of the parent for the child,” we must give them back the love they showered upon us for centuries without expecting anything in return. 

How to make articles with better Search Engine Optimization?

Making Search Engine Optimization friendly content online is what every content writer thieves for. The first step towards making a search engine optimized content is to understand what SEO is and how to implement it online. To get a better understanding of Search Engine Optimization, you can visit the previous article.

To produce articles with better Search Engine Optimization, we must learn ways to optimize an article. Optimize your article in such a way that people can easily find and read it on a search engine.

The tips to keep in mind while making SEO friendly content – 

  1. A search engine friendly title. The title of the article should be small and always include keywords in it. Inserting keywords in the title makes it easier for the search engine to show it in the results when searched.
  2. Structure your article well. The structure of your article plays an important role in deciding whether one wants to view the content or not. Always structure your article in a way that the first paragraph contains the abstract of the article. Include keywords in it. Any paragraph should not contain more than three to four sentences because it is difficult to view lengthy paragraphs on small screens.
  3. Appropriate use of keywords. Incorporating keywords in the article is surely a must but overstuffing the article with keywords is not good. It may lead the search engines to dislike your content which in turn makes it difficult to find the content online.
  4. Incorporate images. Adding relevant images to your content is always a good idea. It makes your content impressive and attractive.
  5. Add social links. Adding links to social media helps readers to connect with the writers directly and thereby establishes a connection between the author and the reader.
  6. Monitor your activity. Keeping an eye on your efforts is necessary. The analysis of your content’s performance plays a vital role in making better content. Google Analytics is a free tool to track your performance.

The use of these appropriate techniques in designing content online provides you with a better result. Making SEO friendly content is now easier with tools available online like – Moz, Google Search Console, Google Adwords Keyword Planner, Site Booster, BuzzSumo, etc. With the help of these tools, you will be making better and attractive content.

What is Search Engine Optimization?

When someone publishes their website, the first thing they want is to drive traffic to their site through various search engines. The first step towards achieving this is implementing a proper “Search Engine Optimization”.

Search Engine Optimization is the process of improving web traffic on a website through search engines. The target of Search Engine optimization is to get organic traffic thereby getting a higher rank in the organic listing. The purpose of SEO is to optimize the content of the website using the keywords so that it appears as the top result when searched on a search engine.

Optimization dates back to the mid-1990s when webmasters started optimizing websites to appear in search engines. Initially, they submitted the URL of the websites to the crawler to crawl that page, and the information of the page is to be indexed to appear on the search engine. According to the industry analyst, Danny Sullivan, the term “Search Engine Optimization” was first used in 1997.

Early versions of search algorithms relied on the information provided through keywords, meta tags, or index files. However, it was later found that the use of meta tags is not reliable and may present incomplete, wrong, or inaccurate information for the actual content of the websites; potentially lowering the rankings of the page. Search engines realized that webmasters were manipulating the ranks of the page by stuffing them with inappropriate tags and to prevent this, search engines like Altavista and Infoseek adjusted their algorithms. They ensured that the search page shows the relevant results.

Search engines now offer sitemaps to optimize the website content to gain organic traffic. SEO is broadly categorized into on-page SEO and off-page SEO. On-page SEO largely depends on how the website owners optimize their content to appear on the search engine. Off-page SEO depends on how Google sees your website. Even though both are two different aspects, to rank higher a website must perform well in both. SEO in recent years has gained much popularity establishing an industry for itself. In our next article, we will be exploring ways to create a website with better Search Engine Optimization.

Protect the Bloody Heart!

“The heart has its reasons of which reason knows nothing” -Blaise Pascal

September 29th is designated as World Heart Day as part of an international campaign to spread awareness about heart disease and stroke prevention. Heart disease is the leading cause of death worldwide. The World Heart Federation in association with the World Health Organization paved way for the idea of World Heart Day.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), heart attacks and strokes are usually acute and are caused due to a blockage that prevents blood from flowing to the heart or brain. Cardiovascular diseases are the most common cause of death globally. An estimated 17.9 million people died from CVDs (Cardio Vascular Diseases) in 2016, accounting for 31% of all global deaths. Of these deaths, 85% are due to heart attacks and strokes. As World Heart Day is all about drawing people’s attention towards heart illnesses, it makes sense to talk about these and understand them in detail.

On this day, people come together from all over the world to participate in awareness programs to promote the maintenance of a healthy lifestyle. Its main aim is to drive action and educate people about preventing cardiovascular illnesses. Several lifestyle choices contribute to the increase of the risk of heart disease like – overeating of junk and cholesterol-rich food, smoking, overweight and obesity, high sugar intake, etc. 

A healthy lifestyle can lower the risk of heart problems. There are many things we can do to reduce the chances of acquiring a heart disease – controlling blood pressure, maintaining a healthy weight with the help of a balanced diet, exercising regularly, non-consumption of alcohol, no smoking, proper medication, and sleep. 

No disease occurs in isolation, and cardiovascular disease is no exception. The burden of cardiovascular disease is disproportionately distributed across the population. While heart disease can be deadly, it’s also preventable in most people. By imparting healthy lifestyle habits, you can potentially live longer with a healthier heart. Let us take an active resolution on this Heart Day to keep our heart healthy. Taking care of your body and your heart can pay off in the long run.

Barriers in Effective Communication

Communication is an exchange of message/code/signal or any other sign or expression that conveys one’s feelings, emotions, or thoughts.

This follows a step by step process including five important elements:

  1. Sender – the one who sends the message
  2. Message – the content which is being delivered
  3. Medium – the channel of the communication
  4. Receiver – to whom the message is being delivered
  5. Feedback – response from the receiver

Effective communication and barriers in communication

Communication always includes two parties – the sender and the receiver. The cycle of communication completes only when the receiver responds to the message of the sender. Now there comes one more concept called Effective Communication.

Communication is said to be effective when the receiver interprets the message in the exact way as to what the sender meant to say. It simply means eliminating miscommunication and misunderstandings.

However, some common barriers affect communication between individuals. Let’s understand what they are:

  • Cultural Barrier – Cultural gap or difference acts as a barrier to effective communication. People coming from different cultures find it difficult to communicate because of differences in the social backdrop, opinion, place of origin, language, and habits.
  • Language Barrier- Explaining and understanding is the biggest challenge in communication. The language barrier happens to be the most when you are in a foreign place. Also, words matter a lot while communicating. For a region or community, it may have a good meaning but the same word could be indecent in other languages.
  • Perceptual Barrier – We all see the world differently and hence have different perceptions. When a person is not able to understand the way others are communicating due to a difference in opinion and perceptions, it is called perceptual barrier. 
  • Emotional Barrier – Many people hold back from communicating their thoughts and feelings to others due to fear, mistrust, and suspicion. Some common examples of emotional barriers could be – the communication between parents and an adolescent/teenage child, communication between boss and employee, etc.
  • Technical Barrier – With the involvement of technology in communication, technical barriers have also become a major issue that breaks the chain of communication. Technical barriers are the network or internet issues that occur when communicating through an electronic device like mobile phones, computers, laptops, etc.

Learn more about barriers of communication here.

Is Education merely to survive?

The word Education comes from the Latin word Educare which means to raise or to lead forth. These imply that education helps nourish the good in an individual and bring out the best in everyone.

Education is the most powerful weapon of humans which can change the world. It is important for the development and growth of a country. The human mind made possible all developmental achievements in the health sector, innovations in agriculture, efficient public administration, and private sector growth apart from many others.

To reap these benefits successfully, we must unleash the full potential of the human mind by using education as a tool that helps enhance our thinking process. Education leads to exposure. It is how people are exposed to various concepts in Science, Mathematics, Arts, English literature, Social sciences, etc. When a person spends time exploring these subjects, it provides them with an opportunity to discover their talents and abilities in their areas of interest. For example, very few artists discover their talent and full potential without spending time in an art classroom.

Highly educated people get more opportunities for jobs and make a good amount of money. It helps us bridge the gap between the rich and the poor while striving for a better quality of life. Educated people open their business, self-employing themselves as well as providing jobs to hundreds of people. Educated and skilled human resources are much needed to improve the economic stability of a nation. They also contribute to research and other initiatives that will increase the well being of the lives of people.

Right now, many biotechnologists are trying their level best to find a COVID-vaccine in many countries to reduce the economic instability caused by the lockdown. But the country which comes up with an effective COVID-vaccine that is safe for mass vaccination will trump over the others in stabilizing their economy. This would be a direct result of having human resources with applicable knowledge in a nation. So, the right education does not only help a person make his/her ends meet but also provides him/her with a much-needed edge over the others. 

Communication and its Types

People communicate with each other in several ways depending upon the message and its context. Today, in this blog, I am going to explain the different types of communication classified based on mode, purpose, and participants. Let’s get started.

Communication-based on mode:

Verbal Communication means communication using language. This is further divided into two –

  1. Oral Communication – It is the oldest means of communication which involves gathering or disseminating information through spoken words. It can either be in the form of a direct face-to-face conversation or indirect conversation through video calls, voice calls, etc.
  2. Written Communication – It is a formal means of communication that includes writing letters, emails, SMS, documents, reports, etc. which can be kept as a source of reference or legal record.

Non-Verbal Communication is an exchange of information or message between two or more people through gestures, facial expressions, eye contact, proximity, touching, etc. It involves communication via sign language, body language, tone of voice, expressions, and so on.

Communication-based on purpose or style :

Formal Communication follows certain rules, conventions, and principals while communicating. The use of slang and foul language is strictly prohibited. An example of this can be office communication.

Informal Communication is just a casual talk that we have with our friends, family, and closed ones. Usually, informal communication is done orally and using gestures.

Communication-based on the number of participants :

Intrapersonal Communication occurs within an individual as to analyzing situations, self-talk, maintaining a daily diary, or a personal journal.

Interpersonal Communication is an exchange of information between two or more people.

Group communication refers to the interaction among individuals (group), and it may involve the exchange of verbal and non-verbal communication.

Mass Communication is a type of communication in which a person, group of people or an organization sends a message through a channel of communication in a large group of anonymous and heterogeneous people and organizations.   

To learn more about types of communication, click here.

Are Online Classes beneficial to all?

Online classes through electrical gadgets have become the norm of teaching during the Covid-19 pandemic. Many thousands of students are glued to their phones and teacher-student relationship enters a new world of virtual lectures, assessments, and tutorials.

Online classes come with a lot of advantages like 

  • ease of access, 
  • an equal opportunity for everyone to interact with teachers,
  • continue learning from any place without having to attend college, and go through the troubles of traveling
  • the safety of learning at home during COVID Pandemic, 
  • having a good attendance percentage.

Just like any other thing, online education also comes up with a lot of disadvantages like 

  • lack of face to face interaction with teachers, 
  • absence of practical demonstration, 
  • lack of group discussions resulting in limited feedback, 
  • missing out on school and college campus life, 
  • internet connection issues, 
  • focus-related issues and health issues like eye irritation, watering, redness, dryness, and headaches, discomfort, tiredness, body ache, etc.

To combat the disadvantages of online classes, a student must create a regular study space at home and stay organized, maintain a weekly schedule to complete the topics taught. One must try to eliminate any distractions like watching Netflix, playing video games, etc. It is better to give the students a break of 10-15 minutes between classes as continuity often makes us lose focus. Teachers should conduct weekly doubt sessions as it is not plausible for a student to learn everything in a virtual class.

Though e-learning poses a lot of challenges to the student, parents as well as teachers, it helps direct our mind to more useful matters without giving us the time to ponder on unnecessary stuff leading to unwanted thoughts. It also helps students utilize their time wisely in this new digital world which has a higher probability of becoming the new normal. Check this out to learn important lifeskills.

Exploring Literature through its Genres

Imagine a magical tree that takes you off to unknown magical worlds when you tug on its branches. Literature is like that enchanted tree. Just like that tree with different branches, literature also has various forms and genres. Before digging deep into the classification of literary genres, we must know what “genre” means. Genre is a specific style or category of art, music, or literature. Literature has five main genres – namely fiction, non-fiction, drama, folktale, and poetry. Let us understand these.

Fiction:

Fiction is the most popular genre of literature that transports the reader to a world of imagination. These stories are filled with imaginary characters and events. Fiction is further divided into 6 sub-genres – fantasy, historical fiction, mystery, horror, contemporary fiction, and science fiction.

  • Fantasy deals with characters or settings that cannot possibly exist in the real world because of the presence of magical elements in them. The most popular example of fantasy is The Harry Potter series, Twilight series, etc.
  • Historical fiction features made-up stories that accurately portray life during a particular period in history. An example is The Da Vinci Code.
  • Mystery consists of suspense-filled stories dealing with crime solving and uncovering a culprit. Some of the most well know mystery books are The Nancy Drew novels, The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, Famous Five and The Hercule Poirot Novels, etc.
  • Contemporary fiction has made-up stories that take place in the present day and have characters that face modern-day difficulties and issues. Some of the famous contemporary fiction books are Interpreter of Maladies by Jhumpa Lahiri, 1Q84 by Haruki Murakami, The Road by Cormac McCarthy, etc.
  • Through science-fiction, the readers explore new and exciting realities that are made possible by imagined technologies or social changes. The greatest science-fiction books ever written are The Lord of the Rings by J.R.R.Tolkien, The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy by Douglas Adams, 2001: A Space Odyssey by Arthur C. Clarke, etc.
  • Horror belongs to speculative fiction and is intended to frighten, scare, or disgust through its imaginary ghastly figures or the presence of some kind of unearthly creature or spirits. Some of the spookiest horror novels of all time are Pretty Girls by Karin Slaughter, The Woman in the Window by A.J.Finn, Hell House by Richard Matheson, etc. 

Non-fiction:

Non-fiction portrays the real lives of people and events through autobiographies, biographies, and memoirs. Some worth reading non-fictional works are A Brief History of Time by Stephen Hawking, Dreams from My Father by Barack Obama, Hiroshima by John Hersey, etc.

Drama:-

A drama or a play is a story created especially for stage performances. William Shakespeare has given us some of the most iconic dramas of all time such as Macbeth, Hamlet, Romeo and Juliet, etc. 

Folktale:

Folktale also referred to as Mythology, tells stories of original oral literature and is meant to pass specific moral lessons. These tales have a timeless quality. It mainly falls under children’s literature. The most common books of folktale are The Little Red Riding Hood, Cinderella, Goldilocks and the three bears, etc. 

Now, all these literary genres can be found in two forms. Those are poetry and prose.

Under poetry we have – 

  1. Sonnets – derived from the Italian word “sonetto” – a 14 line poem, divided into 3 parts. The First 8 lines are the ‘octave’, the last six lines are the ‘sestet’. The last two lines are called ‘couplet’. Giacomo Da Lentini is credited for the invention of Sonnets.
  2. Haiku – a traditional 3 line Japanese poem. It has 17 syllables, written in a 5/7/5 syllable count. Its origin can be traced back to as far as the 9th century.
  3. Limerick – a humorous and frequently rude form of verse, where the first and the fifth line rhyme. The third and fourth lines are shorter and share a different rhyme.

Under prose we have –

  1. Novel – a long work of narrative fiction, normally written in a story form and published as a book. There are also graphic novels that use illustrations to tell a story.
  2. Novella – a work of narrative prose fiction, which is longer than a short story but shorter than a novel.
  3. Short story – a piece of prose fiction that is typically read in one sitting. It focuses on self-contained incidents or series of linked incidents, with the intent of evoking a single effect or mood.

These are the genres and forms of literature one comes across as a reader or a student of literature. If you want to explore literature in more detail, check here. Comment below and let me know, what your favorite literary genre is.