14th September is quite significant in the history of India. In the year of 1949, Hindi in Devanagri script was adopted as the official language of the Republic of India. This day was selected to commemorate the efforts of Beohar Rajendra Simha who led the movement for the betterment of the language of Hindi.
During the British rule in India, Hindi was suppressed by the Britishers. They viewed Hindi as the language of the backward. But once the British rule had come to an end, Rajendra Simha along with Hazari Prasad Diwedi, Kaka Kalelkar, Maithili Sharan Gupt and Seth Govind Das, led the movement to uplift the condition of Hindi since it was spoken by around 40% of the population at that time. It was the connecting language for the large Indian diaspora.
On the 50th birthday of Rajendra Simha i.e., the 14th of September, Hindi along with English was given this status to show respect towards his efforts. The decision was supported by the Constitution of India that came into effect on 26th January 1950. In the later stages, Mahatma Gandhi called Hindi as the “Language of Unity”. Hindi was also accepted as the national language by the people of South India after many conflicts. Realizing the importance of Hindi, former President of the United States of America – George Bush allocated $114 million for the inclusion of Hindi in the school curriculum.
Hindi is now the pride of nearly 322 million speakers from all around the world, and is one of the 22 recognized languages as listed in the Constitution of India. Hindi connects Indian people by heart. 14th September is celebrated as Hindi Diwas every year to unite Indians across the world, and to mark the victory of freedom over slavery.